Aquaculture refers to the "farming" of fish, mollusks, crustaceans
and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention
in the rearing process -- such as regular stocking, feeding,
protection from predators, etc., -- to improve production.
primary focus of aquaculture in New Jersey is growth of
bivalve shellfish, primarily hard clams and oysters. The
basic components of shellfish aquaculture include: on-shore
hatcheries where larvae are spawned and raised; leased grounds
within the NJ coastal zone for grow out; maintenance of
the gear and product (shellfish); and harvest once the product
reaches market size (anywhere from 2-5 years dependent upon
species and growing location). Most farmers in NJ do not
have their own hatchery, choosing instead to buy the juvenile
shellfish- called "seed"- from the few hatcheries producing
hard clams and oysters within the state or from nearby states.
NJ cultured shellfish can be found in restaurants locally
or in cities such as New York City and Philadelphia with
an ever increasing presence throughout the region.
aquaculture operations with the state include finfish such
as trout, baitfish, and koi as well as aquatic plants.
NJDA Office of Aquaculture Coordination is promoting the
development of the aquaculture within New Jersey by providing
the following: permitting guidance and assistance with the
permitting process; technical assistance to new growers
or those looking into experimental and/or new techniques;
and marketing assistance.
Guide to Developing Aquaculture in NJ
The aquaculture guidebook assists a potential aquaculturist
in completing the Aquatic Farmer License Application by
explaining the application questions and helping to identify
which permits may be required for the proposed operation.
Additionally, the guidebook functions to give an overview
of aquaculture in New Jersey. Items such as climate, species
selection and formulating a business plan, among many
other topics are all contained in the document. "
Management Practices for Aquatic Farms: AMPs and Aquatic
Organism Health Management Plan
Agricultural Management Practices (AMPs) and Aquatic Organism
Health Management Plan This document serves as guidance
to a fish or shellfish farmer, once they have been permitted
to conduct their business by all appropriate agencies
(i.e. NJDEP, NJDOH). The Agricultural Management Practices
(AMPs) are a very general set of guidelines for a farmer.
The main benefit of adopting and implementing AMPs is
receiving Right to Farm protections from the NJDA. Secondarily,
products can also be marketed as being produced under
best management practices (BMPs). The Aquatic Organism
Health Management Plan is designed to assist farmers in
disease prevention and treatment, producing better quality
products, and meeting importation requirements of the